Application of an Emission Inventory GIS-Based Tool Across

RWDI AIR Inc., Guelph, Ontario, Canada Rebecca Lee Tooly US EPA (Air Quality Assessment Division), Re search Triangle Park, NC, USA ABSTRACT This paper presents the application of an Emission Inventory GIS -based software system called EIGIS across a geographic area covering Detroit, Michigan and south -western Ontario. The commonGet price

Gas-Insulated Substations - GIS

Nov 10, 2010 · A gas-insulated substation (GIS) uses a superior dielectric gas, Sulfr hexafluoride, at moderate pressure for phase-tophase and phase-to-ground insulation. The high voltage conductors, circuit breaker interrupters, switches, current transformers, and voltage transformers are in sf 6 gas inside grounded metal enclosures. The atmospheric air insulation used in a conventional, air-insulated substation (AIS) requires meters of air insulation to do what Sulfr hexafluoride can do in centimeters.Get price

Field Services | LinemanTesting Laboratories of Canada

Substation Maintenance. LinemanTesting Laboratories' preventative substation maintenance programs are unlike those offered by other companies offering substation maintenance. We provide our customers with the confidence knowing their power system is operating properly, ensuring performance reliability and personnel safety.Get price

Gas insulated substation (GIS) versus Air insulated

Oct 28, 2020 · Gas insulated substation (GIS) design. The metal-enclosed gas insulated switchgear inherently follows the criteria for new substation design and offers a higher reliability and flexibility than other solutions. Due to the gas enclosed design, GIS is the most suitable solution for indoor and underground substations.Get price

Canadian Environmental Sustainability Indicators Greenhouse

Figure 5. Transportation sector greenhouse gas emissions, Canada, 1990 to 2017.. 9 Figure 6. Electricity sector greenhouse gas emissions, Canada, 1990 to 2017.. 10 Figure 7. Greenhouse gas emissions by province and territory, Canada, 1990, 2005 and 2017... 11 List of Tables Table A.1. Data for Figure 1.Get price

calibration gas Companies and Suppliers in Canada

Many laboratory applications, such as air emission applications, require calibration gas. To meet these requirements, Peak Scientific have produced the CG15L which generates zero air by removing carbon dioxide andGet price

E-045 Gas Insulated Substation Definitions and Basics

GIS - There are two terms presented in IEC “Gas Insulated Switchgear” and IEEE “Gas Insulated Substations.” In IEEE C37.122 - Gas insulated switchgear (GIS): a compact, multicomponent device, enclosed in a grounded metallic case in which the basic insulating medium is insulating gas gasGet price

The Top 25 Gas Insulated Substation (GIS) Companies

Nov 27, 2017 · A substation is considered as one of the vital element of power system infrastructure. Presently there are two types of substations primarily being used: Air Insulated Substation (AIS) and Gas Insulated Substation (GIS). In the past few years, demand for gas insulated substation has gained wide momentum across several countries.Get price

High-voltage substations | High-voltage – Power transmission

Infrastructure facilities, industry, and private households around the world require more and more electrical energy High-voltage substations, the node points of today’s complex power transmission infrastructure, play a key role in meeting this demand safely and reliably.Get price

Substation Health Risks | EM Watch

Substations emit a low-frequency electromagnetic radiation (EMR) which creates an electromagnetic field (EMF). This EMF has two components, an electric field and a magnetic field. Don’t worry too much about the electric field. It lacks power to penetrate the substation walls. But the magnetic field goes right through bricks, concrete, or a human body. It […]Get price

WideBand Voltage Sensors For the Modern Substation

Modern Substation Presented By: Theo Laughner, PE Harmonic Emissions – Per IEEE 519 Limits. GIS RC-dividerGet price

Non-conventional instrument transformers to enable GIS

Non-conventional instrument transformers to enable GIS digital substations Non-conventional instrument transformers (NCITs) and IEC61850-9-2 process bus Hitachi ABB Power Grids' NCITs for gas-insulated switchgear (GIS) use Rogowski coils to measure the current.Get price

Medium Voltage blue GIS | Systems | Siemens Global

8DJH 12 – blue GIS for sustainable substation BKK Nett AS in Bergen, one of the most innovative Utilities in Norway, had a clear goal for a new MV switchgear for distribution substation: A compact ring main unit that would operate more sustainably, reliably and economically and could work at very low operation temperatures.Get price

Electrical Substation Design, Testing and Commissioning

A substation is a high – voltage electric system facility. It is used to switch generators, equipment, and circuits or lines in and out of a system. It is also used to change AC voltages from one level to another, and/or change alternating current to direct current or direct current to alternating current.Get price

Environment and Climate Change Canada -

Environment Canada is committed to protecting the environment, conserving the country’s natural heritage, and providing weather and meteorological information to keep Canadians informed and safe.Get price

Emission, Stack and Source Testing Consultants Services

Emission Testing Services. The emission testing group at ORTECH is one of the largest and most experienced teams in Canada conducting compliance stack emission testing, continuous emission monitor relative accuracy test audits, and independent performance verification of emission control equipment.Get price

SaskatchewanCarbon and Greenhouse Gas Legislation

Federal Carbon Pollution Pricing SystemConstitutional ChallengeManagement and Reduction of Greenhouse Gases ActOil and Gas Conservation and EmissionsEquivalency Agreement on CoalPrairie Resilience: A Made-In-Saskatchewan Climate Change StrategyRelief Measures For Oil and Gas SectorSaskatchewan is the only province that has not joined the national Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change. In August 2018, Saskatchewan released its plan to price carbon pollution, based on an output-based performance standards approach, which applies only to some of its large industrial facilities. Since Saskatchewan’s system only partially meets the federal benchmark stringency requirements, the federal carbon pollution pricing system applies to the emission sources not covered by the provincial system. The federal carbon pollution pricing system, as applied in Saskatchewan under the federal Greenhouse Gas Pollution Pricing Act(the Act), has the following features: 1. As of January 2019, the federal output-based pricing system applies to electricity generation and natural gas transmission pipelines. It covers facilities from sectors that emit 50,000 tonnes or more of carbon dioxide (CO2) equivalent annually. 2. Smaller facilities that emit 10,000 tonnes or more...Get price

Regulations Limiting Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Natural

OverviewInterpretationApplicationRequirementsQuantification RulesReporting, Sending, Recording and Retaining InformationComing Into ForceMarginal note:Purpose 1 These Regulations establish a regime for limiting carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions that result from the generation of electricity by means of thermal energy from the combustion of natural gas, whether in conjunction with other fuels, except coal, or not.Get price

gaz sf6 Leak Detection Application Note - Advanced Energy

the emissions of the insulating gas (SF 6 – sulfur hexafluoride), which is a very potent greenhouse gas. New regulatory frames like the F-Gas Directive (EC 517/2014) are mandating the use of leak detec-tion systems in the vast majority of GIS insulated switchgear installa-tion in order to better mitigate the risk of SF 6 emissions.Get price

Partial discharge - Wikipedia

Calibration setup The actual charge change that occurs due to a PD event is not directly measurable, therefore, apparent charge is used instead. The apparent charge (q) of a PD event is the charge that, if injected between the terminals of the device under test , would change the voltage across the terminals by an amount equivalent to the PD event.Get price

PowerHV - Leading high voltage test equipment manufacturer

insulating gas gas-insulated resonant system. SF 6 -Insulated Reactors have been developed for the use in Resonant Test Systems with variable frequency for GIS on-site testing and are directly flanged to the GIS.Get price


Jan 09, 2018 · The Gas Insulated Substation (GIS) is a compact assembly consisting of multiple components enclosed in a metallic covering with compressed sulphur hexafluoride (insulating gas) gas as an insulating medium.Get price

RogoFlexfi - GE Grid Solutions

substations High electromagnetic immunity Technical Characteristics (Associated with PC12 Primary Converter) Ambient temperature: -40°C up to 80°C Protection index: IP67, as per IEC standard Coupler material: Stainless steel and polymer EMC immunity standards IEC 61000-4-2,4,5,8,16 Level 4 IEC 61000-4-3,6,17 Level 3 Emissions standardGet price

ABB wins $40 million order for eco-efficient substation in

Nov 05, 2018 · The new 380-kV Obermooweiler GIS substation, is a further milestone, positioning ABB at the forefront of eco-efficient innovations. It supports Germany’s targeted reduction of 40 percent in greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 and up to 95 percent by 2050.Get price

High-voltage systems for substations | Portfolio | Siemens

Gas-insulated single-pole bus ducts with a total length of 2,700 meters connect the GIS accommodated in the 85-meter-long switchgear building with the air-insulated part of the substation. The 245-kV breakers were the world’s first of its kind to switch a short-circuit current of 80 kA.Get price

Lumasense Technologies - Future Power Technology Magazine

enclosed GIS substations require highly sensitive and reliable SF 6 gas detection. High-voltage SF 6-insulated switchgears require specific monitoring and operation maintenance procedures to prevent and limit the emissions of the insulating gas (Sulfr hexafluoride – sulfur hexafluoride), which is a very potent greenhouse gas.Get price

ABB commissions world’s first switchgear installation with

Aug 24, 2015 · Global warming potential (GWP) (1) of new gas mixture is almost 100 percent lower than GWP of sf 6. New technology frees up about 70 percent of the 5000 m 2 space occupied by the old substation. ABB, the leading power and automation technology group, has achieved a significant breakthrough in gas insulated switchgear (GIS) technology by commissioning the worldfirst high- and medium-voltage GIS bays with a new eco-efficient gas mixture as an alternative to the widely used greenhouse gas SF₆.Get price

ABB wins $40 million order for eco-efficient substation in

May 11, 2018 · The new 380-kV Obermooweiler GIS substation, is a further milestone, positioning ABB at the forefront of eco-efficient innovations. It supports Germany’s targeted reduction of 40 percent in greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 and up to 95 percent by 2050.Get price

Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative –Sulfr hexafluoride Carbon Offsets

Size and scope of utility substation operations. Some view cylinder specific logs as impractical and costly. Weighing the cylinders each time they are used presents field challenges as well as health and safety concerns. Depending on location, substation type (open air /GIS), and reliability needs, cylinders are managed in different ways.Get price